Coming from a background of multi-ethnicity and with one of my cultures being that of German descent, I am prone to guide you through foreign language training to learn the Language.
If you are thinking of training to learn German, the basic rules are learnt at the start and will take you to success. German factors include the flavour of words.
Capitalisation in the German Language
When learning German, you have to know the areas where capitalisation does not apply. Unlike the English Language, capital letters do not usually start at the beginning, instead in some instances, the letters are at the ending. The German Language teaches you the grammar structure, but masculine and feminine sounds apply in many cases.
You will learn neutral, superlative, present and past participle when learning the German Language. A participle is the form of verbs, which German languages use to form complex tense words, such as “was.” Adjectives are sometimes used but, it depends on meaning and what the message is relaying to others.
When learning the German Language, you learn adjectives in a new way as well; you learn comparative and superlative ways to communicate and when to apply them. In addition, learning German will help you to relate to deletions in the final meaning. You will learn the endings and rules and how they are used. In addition, you will learn that fragments in German are not necessarily wrong as they may be if translated to English.
The German Language teaches you distinctive ways to communicate, use comparatives and superlatives to decide the present and past participles. German has some unusual expressions. German speakers often use or avoid verb infinitives, yet it depends on the message and if progressive tense verbs or infinitives are used.
In some instances, German languages isolate pronouns, words, fragments and sometimes replace them with prepositions.
In a Nutshell!
Prepositions are words that relate a noun or pronoun to another term in the sentence.
Example: Aboard, as, despite, since, without, upon, inside, among, between, below, behind.
Pronouns take the place of the noun.
Example: Jason is eleven. He is in the Primary 6.
How to prepare in foreign language training for German:
If you are preparing to study and learn German, explore the core list and grammar usage often used in the country. This will help you to get the most of your training. The core list is essential, as it allows students, like yourself, to relate to a list of words that focus on grammar, verb-stem endings, etc.
The Grammar Structure in German for those learning a Foreign Language
Grammar is a widely misinterpreted writing tool. Grammar is like the laws governing Language. Grammar dictates which words can be strung together to make a working sentence. This dictates the quality of Language, which, when spoken or written, relates to “accepted” standards or correct Language. Grammar is a systematic pool of elementary principles outlined by the subjects and interrelationships.
However, an aspect of Language missing from grammar is often the influence of culture, ethnicity, race, and evolution on Language. So while the rules still apply across the board, even the same Language can differ depending on the people. For example, Canadian French and Francaise are technically both ‘French’, but they might have objections if you ask a local.
The rules of grammar do change from country to country and with different dialects or creoles. Verbs, for example, while German and English have strong and weak verbs, in German, verb-stem endings are modified, whereas, in English, we label them as passive or active instead.
Let’s review verbs so that we can see how they change in some countries:
German verb interpretation:
English Verb Interpretation:
In English and German, dative verbs is a grammatical form in which nouns, pronouns and various other parts of speech indicate indirect objects of verbs used after particular prepositions. We use dative verbs every day in our languages despite which country we live in, yet many of us are unaware of the usage.
Dative verbs, which describe the indirect object, are slightly different in the German Case System.
The English dative in grammar structure is rarely pointed out, which is why most people do not realise what they are using when they speak. For example, let’s take the dative verb “opposite”. So when you say a sentence with “opposite” in it, you are using a dative verb. However, in German, we use the dative case for indirect objects, which usually receive an action from the direct object (in the accusative case). So unlike English, word order here is flexible as long as the correct case is used.
Examples of Dative Verbs:
To answer – translated antworten (German)
To believe – glauben
To meet – begegnen
To help – helfen
To obey – gehorchen
To forgive – verzeihen
To follow – folgen
To thank – danken
To trust – trauen
As you can see, you use these words almost in every sentence in your everyday speech, yet in the German Language, dative verbs are strongly applied and recognised.
In Germany, genitive verbs indicate possession and answer the question “wessen?” or “whose?” You’ll see the genitive case most often in written German. In spoken German, you’ll hear von (from)and the dative case instead of the genitive case. Genitive verbs, when applied in German, sometimes works as a preposition, particularly in colloquial speech. We see this in the following example:
Example: Instead of buying a Porsche, we bought a convertible. German: Anstatt, ein porche zu kaufen, kauften uns ein Kabriolett.
Can you pick the Genitive verbs? If you said, “Instead of” then you know your genitive verbs. Next, learn the problems specifically within the German Case System.
The German Case System
Unlike English, a sentence in German need not start with the subject. Unusual word order, or starting a sentence with another choice of words, is common in the German Language.
Example: English version: I don't want to see this movie, or I don't want to see this movie. Alternatively, I wouldn't want to see this movie. German: nicht diesen Film sehen, sonst ich möchte nicht diesen Film sehen. Wechselweise würde ich nicht diesen Film sehen wollen. English: I can't stand the taste of this new drink. German: Ich kann nicht den Geschmack dieses neuen Getränks stehen.
The words “I can’t” has been inverted in this instance, and their emphasis is stressed. Sometimes the German Language creates or inverts words to create links back to prior spoken sentences.
Example: "Are you staying in tonight?" "No, tonight I chose to watch a film." "Tonight acres you staying in?" "NO, tonight I chose ton view A film."
Notice in the sentences that some English words are used in the German sentence; film, watch, view, staying in, tonight.
The purpose of pointing this out is to help you associate the foreign words with what you know. This will help you learn smoothly and effectively.
It is essential to learn these rules when you learn and speak German to others. Incorrectly speaking can lead to misunderstandings. In some instances, you can recognise inverted words when the sentence does not start with a subject by noticing how the nouns and pronouns reflect on and follow verbs with non-nominative excerpts.
However, this is not always the case. When the German Language uses words, such as warden or sein, the rule does not apply since it connects to nominative verbs.
Nominative verbs are subject case, whereas grammar relates or belongs to the case when used to elect a noun or pronoun, which functions as the subject of clauses in a sentence.
You want to pay close attention to your training when learning the German Language. If you were to say “That’s only supposed to be a joke” as “Das soll nur einen Witz sien”; You could offend a native speaker.
Das soll nur einen Witz sien Explained
In this instance, Witz is a word that is determined in German by the following infinitive verb. To say the same sentence correctly, you would say, “Das soll nur ein Witz sein.”
In some instances, the German Language isolates the pronouns and changes them to word fragments. When English speakers use this method, we revert to the non-subject form.
Example: English: Who is there? I am there. German: Wer ist dort? Ich bin dort. Now choose the subject from the example: Answer: "am there" is the subject in this case.
Now, if you were to say this same sentence and apply colloquial or informal speech, you’d have a much better effect. However, since the German Language does not substitute with informal speech, the translation is: Wer ist dort? Ich bin dort.
When you are learning to speak German, it is always best to say what you want to say in your mind first before speaking. Understand the case pronouns first, then learn the present and past participles, which serve as adjectives in the German Language.