Like learning any foreign language, vowels, consonants, and nouns change slightly in some instances. If you plan to visit a foreign country, it is nice, and sometimes necessary, to be able to communicate with citizens and native speakers of that language. Misusing some language can land you in a world you wished you had never visited. You can offend people in foreign countries by attempting to speak their language with no learning backing you. You are better off acting like you are struggling to hear than speaking the language when you do not know what you are saying. Therefore, those off to Germany should take some time to study the language before your visit. What to do:
Take a venture into our German training exercises for a moment.
First, we want to discuss the common mistakes so that you can avoid them, especially if you are visiting Germany. Some of the common mistakes are that people forget to use stem vowels in 2nd and 3rd person singulars of stronger verbs stated in the present tense. For instance, if you say, “You are falling” in German, the common mistake to avoid is Du fallst. You would say Du fàllst or Sie fallen. If you were to say, “he fell,” you would say Er fiel. You don’t want to say Er fallite. Rules around using “du” in the German language is where many students often get confused.
Speaking of strong verbs, avoid using weaker verbs when making past-tense statements; use the example of “he fell” to see how the mistakes could easily be misleading. To avoid these mistakes, you want first to learn the stronger verbs, especially when used in the past tense. Sometimes, the mistakes when speaking German are that people tend to use strong verbs wisely when past tense applies, yet they will end with a weak note. He fell is the same example you can follow to say the past-tense statement correctly.
Sometimes people end sentences with present tense, whereas past tense applies to strong verbs. For instance, “I came” may be stated as Ich kame, which is incorrect. The correct way to say I came is Ich kam. You want to learn the past and present tense verbs in German to relate better to this understanding. For example, some simple past tense verbs commonly used in Germany are:
- du in durftest,
- Sie, as in durften,
- wir as in durfte,
- ihr, and
It is important to note that the present tense changes these verbs; for example, Ich is darf instead of durfte (past tense).
Some other common mistakes are
- Forgetting to use stem in mixed verbs or past tense. For instance, “the runner ran fast.” Some people may say Der lāufer rennet schnell whereas the correct way to say the same thing is der Läufer lief schnell. Notice how the marks change the meaning.
- When using modale Verben or modal verbs, as in English, the present tense should be avoided. For instance, if you say “He cannot come”, then you would say Er kann nicht kommen instead of Er kannt nicht kommen. See that in the first instance, the ‘t’ is dropped in kann?
Diacritic rules, or accent marks, apply when plurals from in the present tense. That is, in some instances, you want to recognize that modals have diacritic forms. For example, if you were to say, “we are supposed to come [to Germany]”, you would say wir sollen kommen; or wir sollen nach Deutschland kommen meaning “we are supposed to come to Germany”. You want to avoid saying Wir sēllen kommen.
When changing double ‘ss’ and “B”s, mainly when modal verbs apply, you want to use the words carefully, e.g. “he must come,” would be interpreted as this if the speaker says, er muß kommen. If the speaker says, Er muss kommen, this is a mistake.
Next, we delve into wie Kernwortschatz zutrifft, or how core vocabulary applies.
How Core Vocabulary Applies to Germany Language Classes
Learning the rules in Fremdsprache, foreign language training is helpful, especially if you intend to visit Germany. Learning a new language is always fun, especially when you know to speak the language correctly.
In this instance, we can discuss German core vocabularies to help you get the most out of your language classes.
In German, the language must have strong verbs. Some of the strong verbs used in Germany are Fahren – Fāhrt and Fuhr. The infinitive outlines 3rd– person singular verbs in the “simple past tense” form. When vowels have stem change, thus this is when the third-person singulars apply. For instance, if you say, “to resemble,” in Germany, you would say ähneln, and to end, you would say beenden. To offer to help someone in Germany, you would say, kann Ich helfe Ihnen.
How do I learn how to use proper present-tense forms with verbs in German?
Your best bet is to become familiar with verbs, past tense verbs, simple past tense, present, and so on, as well as the core vocabulary. At the Agape School of Education (ASOE), we have developed custom teaching tools based on decades of foreign language training experience. We know how to tailor our classes to the needs and learning styles of our students.
For now, we can do a few exercises to test your skills.
Wir is interpreted in German in some instances, as we. Now, if you were to say we come to dinner in prerequisites, with present tense and verb conjugations, you would say it as
- Er Dommt zum abendessen
- Wir dommen zum abendessen
- Du kommst zum abendessen
or in English
- It Dommt with dinner:
- We dommen with dinner.
- You kommst with dinner.
The proper method to say we come to dinner is, wir kommen zum Abendessen.
To learn to speak German effectively, you will need to know the basics of the foreign structure. Having an explanation can help.
How to interpret German elements:
Grammar, for instance, in Germany is separated into smaller units and managed in a way that it correlates. To learn German effectively, you will need to understand the language divisions and then learn the core vocabulary, test and retest your knowledge, and apply it. You will need detailed lessons to help you clearly state what you want to say and the purpose, as well as the prerequisites in your knowledge. You will need to summarize grammar so that you can retain German grammar effectively. You will also need to use comprehensive training tools to draw your conclusions.
In addition, you want to learn how to summarize German vocabulary, use a dictionary and create an inclusive catalogue of strong verbs and how they apply. Once you overcome the basics of speaking German, the rest is smooth sailing.
Some of the essential words used in Germany are
- den, THAT
- des, OF
- die, THE
- durch. BY
Now, take time to review the common German word usage. If you were to continue learning the basics, you could, in time, put a complete sentence in German together so that any German native could relate.
Is your interest piqued? Find out about all our German courses on offer, which include specialized MOELC Entrance Prep Courses, Mother Tongue In-Lieu Classes and German Playgroup Sessions for Bilingual Toddlers.